What is a pneumatic valve and what is the function of pneumatic valve

What is a pneumatic valve and what is the function of pneumatic valve

A pneumatic valve is also known as directional control valves, the major function of a pneumatic valve is to switch airflow. These valves are capable to maintain the pressure. The range of pneumatic valves is vast and there are many categories of pneumatic valves. Pneumatic valves are categorized according to their style, type, design principle, type of operation, function, size, and application. The pneumatic valve can do the simplest function of switching a single flow path on and off, to the exacting proportional control of pressure and flow. The valves which are used in pneumatics mostly have control function, this can be described as the operation of the valve in any process or the controlling of a quantity. A control function requires control energy, we could know the control energy by the mode of actuation it can be manual, mechanical, hydraulic, or pneumatic.

What is pneumatics

Pneumatics can be described as the use of pressurized air to some mechanical motion. Pneumatics are also used in control valves, pneumatics has many applications in different industries. It also has other applications such as dentistry, construction, and mining. The fuel for pneumatic power is air.

How does a pneumatic control valve work

Pneumatically operated valves

Pneumatic control valves can decrease pressure in a controlled manner with the help of actuators and positioners with a controller to pilot them. Controllers are able to sense the pressure fluctuations and they can regulate the air supply signal to the pneumatic positioner. A pneumatic positioner would supply air to the diaphragm opening a valve. Springs are utilized as an opposing force causing the valves to close upon loss of or a reduction of air pressure applied on the diaphragm. Pneumatic control valves are widely used in many industries.

What are the types of pneumatic valve

Pneumatic valves are classified into certain groups according to their function they are.

Directional control valves

Nonreturn valves

Flow control valves

Pressure control valves

Directional control valves

The important function of a directional control valve is to control the direction of flow in the pneumatic circuit. These valves can regulate the airflow and they are also capable to do the airflow starting and stopping. Directional control valves are able to control the way the air passes.

Non-return valve

These valves are also used to control the flow of air and they allow the airflow only in one direction in the other direction the airflow will be blocked at all the time. These valves are designed in a way that check is additionally loaded by the downstream air pressure, and it would support the non-return action. There are certain non-return valves those can do pneumatic controls they are check valve, shuttle valve, quick exhaust valve, and two pressure valve.

Flow control valves

This valve is capable to regulate the flow of air and the control action is limited to the airflow passing through the valve, when it is open, maintaining a set volume per unit of time.

Pressure control valve

In pneumatically operated control valves pressure control can be done, these types of control valves can control the air pressure in the valve. So basically these valves can control the airflow pressure in valves. Pressure control valves are classified into three types they are pressure limiting valve, pressure sequence valve, and pressure reducing valve.

What are the major components in a pneumatic valves

In a pneumatic valve, the valves control the switching and routing of air. The valves have to control the flow of compressed air and they need to control the flow of exhaust to the atmosphere. In a pneumatic switching circuit two types of valves are used they are 2/3 valve and 2/5 valves. The air cylinder comes in a variety of sizes and shapes. The major function of a cylinder is to convert the energy in the compressed air into straight motion.

What are the types of pneumatic actuators and where are pneumatic actuators used? What is the purpose of the actuator

A pneumatic actuator converts energy into motion. There are certain types of pneumatic actuators they are rotary actuators, pneumatic cylinder, grippers, rodless actuators, vacuum generators. These actuators are used for automatic valve operation. This actuator converts the air signal into valve stem motion and it is done by the help of air pressure that acts on the diaphragm or by the piston which is connected to the stem. These actuators are used to throttle valves for the quick opening and closing. The actuator is reverse acting if the air pressure opens the valve and the valve is closed by spring action. If the air pressure closes the valve and spring action opens the valve then it is direct-acting.

How is a solenoid valve is different from a pneumatic valve

The operation of the solenoid valve is entirely dependent upon electricity but the pneumatic valve operates with the help of electromagnetic force. Compressed air is also used for the movement of the parts.

What is a 3-way pneumatic valve

Mostly three-way valves are similar to two-way valves and the difference is that an extra port is used to for exhausting downstream air. These valves are able to control single acting or spring return cylinders and any load that must be pressurized and alternately exhausted

What is an electro-pneumatic valve

Electro-pneumatic valves are used for simple on-off function, in this valve we can control the pressure by manually opening a valve, automatically by detecting its pressure or by sending an electrical signal.

To get more info about the control valve check the following link

News Reporter
post-graduate in Electronics & communication