What is a pilot valve and how does pilot valve work

What is a pilot valve and how does pilot valve work

Pilot valves are valves that can control high flows in a system. Mostly the pilot actuated valves are shifted by the pressurized fluids. When the set pressure is reached then the valve would open and release the pressure. When the pressurized fluid hits the valve piston then the flow directing element of the valve would change. The major advantage of a pilot operation is that it can create large shifting force without any impact or wear which could happen in a mechanically actuated valve. Pilot operated valves can be mounted in any remote location to which the pressure fluids can be piped. In this valve, there won’t be any spark or increase of heat and because of this, it can be used for flammable environments.

What is the use of a pilot valve and what does it do

A pilot valve can decrease the pressure in a system. Flow control can be achieved by using a pilot valve. A pilot valve can be used to remotely control the directional control valves, cylinders, pumps, or motors. A pilot valve can be considered as a pressure reducing valve. Some pilot valves can be used with a remote pilot source. So by this feature, a valve can be shifted from a remote pressure source by other valves in the logic circuit.

What are the features and advantages of a pilot valve

  • Pilot valves have high seat tightness, this valve will be tight until it reaches the setpoint
  • When it reaches the setpoint, the pressure in the chamber is removed very quickly by full opening
  • Accurate closing can be achieved in a pilot valve
  • Its construction is very rugged so it can’t be damaged quickly
  • In case if there is ice in the valve due to certain applications, the icing would be broken during the quick lifting process so it won’t interrupt the valve operation
  • This valve can be used as a combined pressure and vacuum safety valve

What is a pilot operated directional control valve and how is the DCV shifted

In order to control the system that has high flows, pilot operated DCV is used because the system would require a large force to shift the spool. So the pilot valves are installed on the top of the main valve. So the pilot valve would hydraulically shift the main valve. In this valve, the valve piston is indirectly actuated. In order to do this oil is provided to the pilot valve. So while energizing the pilot valve oil will be directed to one side of the main spool and because of this, the spool will be shifted. Thus the pressure port will be opened to the work port and the fluid will be directed a return to the tank. There are certain benefits of external piloting they are constant pressure supply and the source may be filtered separately to prevent the pilot valve silting. DCV valves which are pilot operated could be drained internally or externally according to the need.

What is a pilot check valve and how pilot operated check valve works

This valve has a valve body with inlet and outlet ports and it also has a poppet which is biased against a spring. In this valve, the flow will take place only in one direction. In order to provide flow to the blocked direction, pilot pressure is applied to the pilot pressure port of the valve. If the spring force of the poppet is lesser than the system pressure in the flow port then the poppet will be moved or pushed and the flow will take place. There won’t be any reverse flow because the fluid pressure will close the poppet. In order to allow the reverse flow, then pilot pressure must be provided to the pilot port.

How pilot-operated relief valve works and when do we use it

The pilot-operated relief valves are used for emergency relief functions like the overpressure. This valve operates in a different way than a pressure relief valve in a pilot-operated relief valve it uses a system pressure to seal the valve. The major parts of this valve is a pilot valve, main valve, pilot tube piston or disc, and a seat. This valve is also known as a pilot operated safety relief valve. This valve is really sensitive and it can reduce the pressure override. These valves are used for applications that need to relieve large flow with small pressure. The operation of the pilot valve takes place in two stages in the first one which is the pilot stage. In the pilot stage, a small spring-biased relief valve would control the main valve. The other stage is the balanced piston stage and in this, the hydraulic connections are made, so a balance piston is used for the diversion of full flow volume. The inlet pressure will help to hold the piston on its own seat with the help of a light spring. The pilot stage poppet will be lifted when the pressure in the valve is reached to the set value. The unbalance in hydraulic force will be created because of the decreased pressure in the upper chamber of the second stage piston. Poppet will be lifted if the hydraulic force is greater than the mechanical force of the spring. Balance piston will be lifted when the pressure difference upper and lower chamber is enough and full flow would take place. This process will take place until the system pressure is reduced

How to do the maintenance and installation of a pilot valve

We must check the pilot valve before installation so that we could know if there is any damage. In order to avoid the damage to the lower flange surface, the valve must be placed on a soft clean gasket material until installation. The valve must be stored in a clean place before installation. The installation of the valve must be done vertically. During the valve installation, it should be smoothly lifted into position by using the lift eyes. The gasket must be checked and the nuts and studs must be lubricated. The valve must be properly set on the nozzle and the flanges. The maintenance of this valve is not a problem because it won’t give much trouble. A periodic inspection is required to check the seat. The valve must be removed from the tank in order to do the periodic inspection of diaphragm, gaskets, and seals.

To get more info about the control valve check the following link

News Reporter
post-graduate in Electronics & communication