List of short- distance communication protocols

PC / AT

Bus is used on computers that are compatible with IBM earlier, to connect peripheral equipment such as disk drives, sound cards and more to the computer motherboard.

PCI

Buses that are used on computers that are compatible not only with IBM. Much faster than PC / AT. Data transfer speeds are 100 Mbytes / second (32 bits) and 200 Mbytes / second (64 bits).

PCM CIA

Buses are used to connect peripheral equipment to personal computers and notebooks for PC computers; the physical size of his legs is small and very slow compared to other PC buses.

VME

Potential VME Bus (redesigned from previous Motorola with the Versa-Bus standard to build a multi-purpose military and computer industry, where dual memory, peripherals, and even microprocessor boards can be plugged on passive shelves to facilitate common system design. The data transfer speed is around 50 Mbytes / second (64 bits wide).

VXI

Development of the VME bus, VXI (VME extension for Instrumentation) includes the standard VME bus with the connector for analog signals between cards in the rack.

S-100

The S-100 is sometimes called the Altair bus, this standard bus is the result of the 1976 conference, as an interface to the Intel 8080 microprocessor. The philosophy is similar to VME, where multi-functional cards can plug in passive rack passive racks to facilitate system construction.

MC6800

The Motorola bus that is equivalent to Intel-centric S-100, is designed as an interface for peripheral equipment with the Motorola 6800 microprocessor popular chip.

STD

Simple-To-Design, a passive rack similar to a PC / AT bus, and can be adapted to IBM-compatible hardware designs. Designed by Pro-Log with more than 8 bits wide (parallel), requires a small card (4.5 x 6.5 inch).

Multibus I and II

A bus for a flexible computer system design, designed by Intel with a width of 16 bits (parallel).

Compact PCI

An adaptation of the personal computer PCI standard industry, designed to perform higher as an alternative to the old VME bus. With a bus clock speed of 66 MHz, the data transfer rate is 200 Mbytes / second (32 bits) or 400 Mbytes / second (64 bits).

Microchannel

Designed by IBM for PS / 2 series computers, as intermediaries for PC motherboards to peripheral equipment.

IDE

A bus that is primarily used to connect connecting drives (drives) of a PC’s personal computer hard disk with appropriate peripheral cards. Widely used on PC personal computers to drive hard disks and CD-ROMs.

SCSI

An alternative bus (technically superior to IDE) used to drive personal computer disks. SCSI stands for Small Computer System Interface. Used on several PCs compatible with IBM, as well as Macintosh (Apple), and many mini business computers and mainframes. Used as intermediaries for hard drives, CD-ROM drives, floppy disk drives, printers, scanners, modems, and other host peripheral devices. Speed up to 1.5 Mbytes per second for the original standard.

GPIB (IEEE 488)

General Purpose Interface Bus, also known as HPIB or IEEE 488, which is intended as an intermediary for electronic test equipment such as oscilloscopes and multimeters to personal computers. The width of the address/data path is 8 bits with 8 additional channels for communication control.

Centronics Parallel 

Widely used on personal computers as intermediaries for printer and plotter equipment, as well as other peripheral equipment, such as external ZIP (100 Mbyte floppy) disk drives and tape drives.

USB

Universal Serial Bus, as the interconnection of many external peripheral devices (such as keyboards, modems, mice, etc.) to a personal computer. It has long been used on Macintosh PCs, this is used as a new complement to machines that are compatible with IBM.

FireWire (IEEE 1394)

A high-speed serial network capable of operating at 100, 200, or 400 Mbps with versatile features such as “hot swapping” (the equipment adds or detaches with power on) and a flexible topology. Designed for high-performance personal computer interfacing.

Bluetooth

Radio-based communication networks (radio-based) designed to connect office computer equipment. Equipment for data security is designed in this standard network.

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