PLC

Equivalent Logic gates used in PLC Ladder Diagram

PLC Ladder Diagram

  • It is most popular programming language for PLC.
  • It resemble the hard wired relay logic
  • Ladder diagram has two vertical lines representing two power rails to which the circuits are connected.
  • The horizontal line is called rung and each rung represent the control process operation
  • A ladder diagram is read from left to right and top to bottom as shown.
  • If power flow is on then the output coil is in on state
PLC Ladder Diagram Flow

Basic Symbols in Ladder Diagram

PLC Input and Output switch

The PLC logic ladder diagram is represented as shown below. (Rung with NO, NC contacts and output coil)

PLC Ladder diagram with input contact and output coil

What logic gates are used in ladder diagram?

Below mentioned logics are normally used in PLC Ladder logic

  • AND gate
  • OR gate
  • NOT gate
  • NAND gate
  • NOR gate
  • EX-OR gate
  • EX-NOR gate

PLC Ladder Diagram Example

Example of PLC ladder diagram

Explanation of Program

IF Sensor_1 AND Sensor_2 THEN

         SOL_1:=1;

ELSEIF Sensor_3 AND Sensor_4 AND NOT Sensor_5 THEN

         SOL_1=1;

END_IF;

What is AND LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • If all inputs is high the output is high
  • If any of the inputs are low then output is low
PLC Ladder diagram of AND logic gate

What is OR LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • If any input is high the output is high
  • If all the inputs are low then output is low
PLC Ladder diagram of OR logic gate

What is NOT LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • NOT gate denotes inverted process
  • If input is high the output is low
  • If input is low then output is high
PLC Ladder diagram of NOT logic gate

What is NAND LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • NAND gate is inverted AND gate.
  • If any input is high the output is high
  • If all inputs are low then output is high
PLC Ladder diagram of NAND Logic gate

What is NOR LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • NOR gate is inverted OR gate.
  • If all inputs are low the output is high
  • If any input is high then output is low
PLC Ladder diagram of NOR Logic gate

What is EX-OR LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • If all inputs are different the output is high
  • If al inputs are same then output is low
PLC Ladder diagram of EX-OR Logic gate

What is EX-NOR LOGIC GATE & PLC LADDER DIAGRAM?

  • If all inputs are different the output islow
  • If all inputs are same then output is high
PLC Ladder diagram of EX-NOR Logic gate

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