Electrical

Difference between Two Phase and Three Phase

What is Two Phase?

Two-phase electrical power was an optional process (polyphase) alternating current electric power distribution technology used in the early twentieth century. Two circuits were employed, with voltage phases that differed by a quarter of a cycle, or 90 degrees. Typically, four wires were utilised in circuits, two for each phase. Three wires were used less commonly, using a common wire with a larger-diameter conductor. Two entire rotor and field assemblies were used in two-phase generators, with windings physically separated to create two-phase current.

There are two stages to 2 phase electric power (that supply electricity in a building):

  • In this system, there are usually four wires. There are two wires in each phase.
  • In some two-phase systems, three wires are present. Each phase has its separate connected wire, while the common wire has its separate wire.
  • The phases (electricity carriers) are organised in a 90-degree symmetrical pattern.
  • Three wires be used to build two-phase systems (two “hot” plus a common neutral).
2 PHASE CURRENT

The function of the 2 phase current:

CALCULATION

There were two circuits used, each having voltage phases that diverged by a half of a cycle, or 90 degrees. From the phase voltage VP can be determined for each phase. Similarly, the line voltage VL can also be determined from square root of 2- phase voltage.

SQUARE ROOT

What are the features of 2 phase current?

  • When the single-phase power system became ineffective, the two-phase power system was developed.
  • The self-starting motors are primarily powered by the two-phase electric system.
  • Two phase current feature is that, unlike three-phase current, they may give electricity at a consistent rate without variations.
  • Two-phase circuits have the added benefit of delivering continuous combined power to an ideal load.

Where 2 phase current can be applied?

  • Structures that demand less than 10 kilowatts of energy are best served by two-phase power systems.
  • The winding architecture of induction motors built for two-phase operation is identical to that of capacitor start single-phase motors.

What is Three Phase?

A typical technique of alternating-current electric power generation, transmission, and distribution is three-phase electric power. It is a form of polyphase system that is utilised by electrical grids all over the world to transfer power. Large motors and other heavy loads are also powered by it. Because it utilises less conductor material to transfer electrical power, a three-phase system is usually more cost effective than an identical single-phase or two-phase system at the same line to ground voltage.

What is the function of the three phase current?

Three conductors carry an alternating current of the same frequency and voltage amplitude relative to a common reference in a symmetric three-phase power supply system, but with a phase difference of one third the period. The common reference is frequently connected to ground and, in some cases, to the neutral, a current-carrying wire. The voltage on any conductor reaches its peak one third of a cycle after one of the other conductors and one third of a cycle before the remaining conductor due to the phase difference. A balanced linear load receives constant power transmission due to this phase delay. It also enables the creation of a spinning magnetic field in an electric motor and the generation of other phase arrangements through the use of transformers.

The amplitudes of line currents are 3 times those of phase currents for ∆ -connected three-phase source, and the line voltage is the same as the phase voltage.

DELTA CONNECTED

The amplitudes of line voltages are 3 times that of phase voltages, and the line current is the same as the phase current in a Y-connected three-phase source.

STAR CONNECTED

What are the features of 3 phase current?

  • The load of all electric types of equipment is evenly distributed among the three phases.
  • Vibrations in the power are also reduced since the current’s load is balanced.

Where 3 phase current can be applied?

  • A three-phase power supply is used
  • To manage companies
  • To power three-phase equipment
  • Trains will be supplied with overhead power – those overhead cables you see above the tracks are all connected to any of the three phases and separated from others by neutral connection
  • To provide households with electricity
STAR AND DELTA COFIGURATION

What are the different characteristics between 2 phase current and 3 phase current?

S.NoCHARACTERISTICS2 PHASE CURRENT3 PHASE CURRENT
1NaturePower is split into two phases in a two-phase circuit.A three-phase circuit is one in which the electricity is distributed over three phases.
2Phase AngleThe phase angle of a two-phase system is 90 degrees electricThe phase angle in a three-phase power system is 120 degrees electric
3Power PulsationIn two-phase systems, motors can be affected by power pulsationsIn three-phase systems, motors cannot be affected by power pulsations and run constantly
4EconomicalThe cost of a two-phase electric power system is higher than that of a three-phase system The three-phase electric system is less expensive
5WiringDepending on the circuit, a two-phase power system may include three or four wiresA three-phase power system’s circuit has three wires
6Conductor requirementRequire more conductors depending upon the wiring in the systemRequire less conductors
7ConversionA two-phase current can never be used as a three-phase power distribution systemBy connecting two transformers in a Scott connection, a three-phase system can be converted to a two-phase system
8NeutralIn a two-phase current, neutral connection is requiredSome connections in a three-phase system, neutral is not employed
9Power DissipationPower due to its phase angle, two-phase electricity is delivered unevenlyPower due to its 120 ° phase angle, it delivers a smooth three-phase current
10ApplicationsCertain control systems use two-phase circuits like induction motorsFor economic distribution of electrical energy, three-phase electric power is required in all sectors

WAVEFORM OF THREE PHASE

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