Control Valve

Control Valve Body Materials

Control Valve Body Materials
  1. Actuator: An actuator is an electric, hydraulic, or pneumatic-powered device that supplies a force and motion for the opening or closing of a valve as the signal is received by the controller. An actuator is also used for the sequencing of valve operations.
  2. Control Valve: It is a valve that controls the rate of flow and direction of the fluid flowing in the system. It is known as the final control element through which the fluid passes and adjusts the flow passage as directed by the signal received from a controller to modify the fluid flow rate accordingly.
  3. Valve Trim: This consists of internal components of a valve that modulates the flow of the controlled fluid. The valve trim is available in various designs. Some trim designs are shown below:

  • Anti-cavitation trim: Anti-cavitation trim is a combination of control valve trim to reduce the tendency of cavitation of fluid in the valve.
  • Anti-Noise trim: It is a combination of control valve trim by its geometry. It reduces the noise generated by flowing fluid through the valve body.
  • Balanced trim: The balanced trim in the control valve body is designed to minimize the net static and dynamic forces acting on the trim during fluid flow.
  • Reduced trim: The reduced trim in the control valve body has a smaller flow area than the full flow area for that valve.
  • Soft-seated trim: It is a soft seated trim in the valve with an elastomeric, plastic, or deformable material. This soft seated trim with minimum actuator force provides tight closing of the valve.
  • Characterized trim: This is a type of trim in a control valve that provides predefined flow characteristics.
  • Erosion Resistant trim: This is a type of trim in a control valve that resists the erosive effects of the flowing fluid inside the control valve.
  1. Travel Indicator: The travel indicator is a pointer and scale on a control valve to indicate the exact position of the member, typically in terms of units of opening percent of travel, or degrees of rotation.
  2. Valve Seat: valve seat is the contact area between the closure component and its mating surface to establish turning off a valve.
  3. Positioner: It is a mechanical device that is connected to a moving part of the valve that is designed to compare the position of the valve stem against the signal received by the controller.
  4. Double Acting Positioner: This type of positioner has two output ports suited to a double-acting actuator.
  5. Single Acting Positioner: this type of positioner has a single output port suited to a spring-opposed actuator.
  6. Alloy steel: Alloy Steel primarily consists of iron with some percentage of one or more other elements such as chromium, nickel, manganese, or vanadium deliberately added to enhance its properties.
  7. Back seat: the back seat in a control valve is used for sealing against the mating surface to prevent leakage through the stuffing box when the gate valve or globe valve gets opened fully for 100%.
  8. Ball: the ball is the spherical closure element of a ball valve which rotates for 90° to open and close the valve.
  9. Body: it is the outer casing of the valve, in this the pressure part of the valve where the seats and closure elements are located.
  10. Bolted bonnet: A bolted bonnet in a control valve that connects the bonnet and valve body using suitable nuts and bolts.
  11. Bolted construction: this defines the construction of a valve in which the pressure elements such as the body and closures of valves are joined together, and they can also be removed and taken apart for repair.
  12. Bonnet: It is the upper part of the control valve that provides a suitable means for actuator mounting. It is a part through which the plug stem of the valve is moved and for sealing against leakage.
  13. Bore (or port): A bore is an inside diameter that has the smallest opening through a valve. For example, the internal diameter of the seal ring, and the diameter of the hole through the ball in a ball valve.
  14. Butt weld end: It is the end connection of a valve that is suitably prepared for butt welding to a connecting pipe.
  15. Carbon steel: this is the type of steel where iron contains carbon in the form of carbides for about 0.1% to 0.3%.
  16. Cast iron: The common term for cast iron or iron-containing flake carbon. Cast iron is brittle and exhibits very little ductility before fracturing.
  17. Casting: it is an act of producing a product by pouring molten metal and allowing for solidifying it thus making the shape of the mold.
  18. Drain plug: Drain plug is a fitting at the bottom side of the valve, the drain plug permits flushing and draining of the valve body cavity.
  19. Elastomer: It is a natural or synthetic elastic material, it is used for O ring seals. Generally, the materials used are Viton, buna-n, and Ethylene Propylene Di-Monomer.
  20. Emergency seat seal: It is a fitting on the valve body where the sealant is injected into it for sealing of the seat in case of emergency.
  21. Floating ball: The floating ball in a valve design where the ball is not rigidly held on its rotational axis and is made free to float between the seat rings.
  22. Gasket: A gasket is a type of component that is used for sealing a joint in between two larger components. It is softer than the surface of joints being sealed using bolting.
  23. Gland or gland bushing: The gland bushing is a part of the valve that compresses and decompresses (retains) the stem packing in the stuffing box.
  24. Gland flange: It is the component used for holding or retaining the gland in the stuffing box.
  25. Graphite: It is a flexible carbon material used to make gaskets. The gaskets may be flat graphite sheets or may have metal inserts for added strength.
  26. Grease fitting: The grease fitting is a device that permits for injection of grease into a bearing surface.
  27. Handwheel: It is a wheel or ring-shaped attached to the valve, it allows the operator to turn the valve stem for closing and opening a valve manually.
  28. Lever: Lever is an operating device used for quarter-turn valves.
  29. Locking device: The locking device present in the valve that prevents the operation of a valve by unauthorized persons.
  30. Pinhole: These are the numerous tiny gas holes present at the surface of castings. Generally, these occur at the thicker parts of the casting. As metal gets cooled the solubility of the gas in the metal is reduced.
  31. Position indicator: It is an external device in the valve that indicates the valve position either opened or closed.
  32. Seat: It is the part of a control valve against which the closure element affects a tight turn-off of the valve.
  33. Stem: It is the rod or shaft that transmits motion from an operator to the closure element of the valve.
  34. Stem Connector: it is the link between Actuator Stem and Plug Stem.
  35. Stem nut (yoke nut): It is the threaded nut that surrounds a reciprocating valve stem. and this stem nut causes the stem to move in the vertical axis when the nut is rotated.
  36. Stud: It is a bolt, threaded on both ends, often it is used in bolting the bonnets or bodies and closures.
  37. Stuffing box: The stuffing box is provided around a valve stem in a sealing system where the packing is placed. It is also known as a packing chamber.
  38. Swing check valve: A check valve where the closure element is a hinged clapper that rotates or swings about a supporting shaft.
  39. Union bonnet: Union bonnet is a type of valve construction where the bonnet is held on by a union nut with threads on the body.
  40. Yoke: It is the part of the gate valve or globe valve that acts as a bracket to support the top or outer end of the stem and stem bearing.

Rabert T

As an electrical engineer with 5 years of experience, I focus on transformer and circuit breaker reliability in 110/33-11kV and 33/11kV substations. I am a professional electrical engineer with experience in transformer service and maintenance. I understand electrical principles and have expertise troubleshooting, repairing, and maintaining transformers, circuit breakers, and testing them. Tweet me @Rabert_infohe

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