15 Basic electrical tools which are used by an electrician

What are electrical tools

Electrical tools are used to do the electrical work like electrical wiring installations by using this tool we can do the installation of electrical wire properly and quickly. We must be able to choose the right equipment or tools to do the electrical work then only the quality of our work will improve. By using electrical tools we could do the electrical tasks effortlessly.

What is the difference between hand tools and machine tools

Hand tools are tools that can be used or operated by our hands without using electrical energy it doesn’t need any external power. While machine tools are tools that require electrical energy and they are operated by our hands too.

What are the basic electrical tools


Pliers can be used for cutting, twisting, bending, holding, and gripping of wires and cables. The handles of the pliers will be insulated and it can’t be considered as sufficient protection. There are different types of pliers

Side cutting pliers can be used for cutting electrical wires and small nails. Longnose pliers can be used for cutting and holding of fine wires and they can be used in tight space, these types of pliers are commonly used for making terminal loops in copper wire. Diagonal pliers are used for cutting medium or fine wires they are also used in bending small faces of soft metal.

Wire strippers

Wire strippers are used to remove the insulation of wires, mostly medium-sized wires ranging from gauge 10 to gauge 16. Wire strippers are also used to remove the insulation of rubber covered wires from gauge 26 to gauge 10.

Electrician Knife

These knives are used by lineman to remove the insulation of big cables in high and low voltage transmission lines


Screwdrivers can be used to loosen or tighten screws with slotted heads, screwdrivers are in various size and shape. Screwdrivers are made up of steel and they are tempered at the tip. According to the size and shape of screw different types of screwdrivers are used.


Hammers are tools which are used for pounding and pulling out of nails, there are soft and hard-faced hammers. Hard faced hammer can be used to strike hard objects and they have a cylindrical-shaped head. The soft-faced hammer is used for the rewinding process. Mostly soft-faced hammers are made up of rubber or plastic. There are different types of hammers like a claw hammer, ball peen hammer and mallet.

Electric drill

These devices are used to drill holes in metal sheets and concrete walls, they can be used to make holes in building structures for the passage of wires and conduit. They can be useful for indoor and outdoor wiring.


Wirepullers are used to pull wires into conduit or raceways, these devices will be very helpful for wire pulling.

EMT bender

EMT bender can be used to bend electrical metal tubing, it could be able to do back to backbend in conduits, they can also do saddle bend and can be used to straighten the conduit.

Soldering tools

Soldering tools can be used to make splices and tap connections in wires. Many connections can be done with the help of this device. Soldering must be done perfectly in order to get a better connection.

Wire gauge

Wire gauge can be used to measure the thickness or diameter of the wires, it can be used in sizing conductors. The wire gauge can be used to measure from gauge 0 to 36.


Hacksaws can be used to cut metal conduit and armored cable, it can also be used to cut the small and medium-sized metals.

Voltage tester

Voltage tester can be called as a major tool for an electrician, a voltage tester is used to check if there is voltage in a wire or in a conductor before using it. Digital voltage testers are available which shows the presence of an electric field. Voltage testers are not used to measure high-level voltages usually they are not used to measure voltages exceeding 250volts.


A multimeter can be used to measure voltage, current, resistance, and capacitance, conductance, a frequency so this instrument could measure almost all things which is needed for an electrician. This meter can show the exact reading too. There are digital and analog multimeters are available in the market.


A micrometer can be used to measure small and large sizes of wires, it is also used to remove the diameter of circular wires. A micrometer can measure the diameter of thin wire accurately or thickness of sheet metal.


Wrenches are instruments that can be used to turn nuts or hold the piece of stock when tightening screws, nuts, and bolts. There are different types of wrenches like adjustable wrenches, pipe wrench, vise grip wrench.

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