Level Measurement

# Bubble method Interface level measurement calculation with Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube

## Bubbler method measurement calculation

In this section, examples of typical calculations for determining the liquid interface level in an open tank with constant level and single Bubble tube transmitter Installation are given.

It is important to keep in mind that the upper-range values (URV) and lower-range values (LRV) relate to the highest and minimum measurements that are intended, respectively. The Calibrated Span is equal to the URV minus the LRV. The output at LRV greater than 0% represents the value of the suppression.

## Abbreviations

The following acronyms are utilized in this directive.

LRV = Lower-range value (a measurement that’s output is 4 mA).

URV = Upper-range value (a measurement with a 20 mA output).

SG = A liquid’s specific gravity (relative density). Water has a specific gravity of 1.00 in both traditional and SI systems.

HW= Equivalent Headlevel pressure of Water

## Formulas for Converting Specific Gravity for All Liquids

Specific gravity = Density [lb/ft3 ] / 62.4

Specific gravity = Density [kg/m3] / 1.00

## Interface level measurement Calculations with Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube

SG1 = Specific gravity of upper liquid (lighter liquid)

SG2 = Specific gravity of lower Liquid (Heavier liquid)

H = Height of the bubble tube immersed inside the process liquid

H1 = Interface level need to be measured.(head between LRV and URV)

H2 = Head level below minimum interface level

Calibrated Range of the transmitter = LRV to URV

Where:

HW = Equivalent Head level pressure of Water

Span value of the transmitter = (H1)*(SG2 – SG1)

Equivalent Head level pressure of Water (HW) at Lower range value

HW at LRV = (H1*SG1) + (H2*SG2) = Suppression

Equivalent Head level pressure of Water (HW) at Upper range value

HW at URV = (H1 +H2)*SG2

## Example calculation – Interface level measurement Calculations With Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube

The transmitter is mounted in an open tank with the following specifications to measure interface level.

Process liquid Specific gravity varies between 0.9 and 1.8

Height of the interface level measured between LRV and URV is

H1= 70 inches

Head level distance below minimum level(LRV) (suppression)

H2 = 10 inches

Find the calibration range of the transmitter to measure the interface level?

So, SG1 = 0.9

SG2= 1.8

## Span value calculation

Span = (H1)*(SG2 – SG1)

Span = (70)*(1.8 – 0.9)

Span = (70)*(0.9)

Span value of the transmitter = 63 inchH2O

## LRV calculation (4mA)

HW at LRV =(H1*SG1) + (H2*SG2)

HW at LRV = (70 * 0.9) + (10 * 1.8)

HW at LRV = 63 + 18

Hw at LRV= 81 inch H2O = Suppression

## URV calculation (20mA)

HW at URV = (H1 +H2)*SG2

Hw at URV = (70 + 10) * (1.8)

Hw at URV =80 * (1.8)

Hw at URV = 144 inch H2O

Calibration Range of the transmitter = 81 to 144 inch H2O

### Sundareswaran Iyalunaidu

With over 24 years of dedicated experience, I am a seasoned professional specializing in the commissioning, maintenance, and installation of Electrical, Instrumentation and Control systems. My expertise extends across a spectrum of industries, including Power stations, Oil and Gas, Aluminium, Utilities, Steel and Continuous process industries. Tweet me @sundareshinfohe