- Bubbler method measurement calculation
- Abbreviations
- Formulas for Converting Specific Gravity for All Liquids
- Interface level measurement Calculations with Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube
- Example calculation – Interface level measurement Calculations With Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube
- Span value calculation
- LRV calculation (4mA)
- URV calculation (20mA)

**Bubbler method measurement calculation**

In this section, examples of typical calculations for determining the liquid interface level in an open tank with constant level and single Bubble tube transmitter Installation are given.

It is important to keep in mind that the upper-range values (URV) and lower-range values (LRV) relate to the highest and minimum measurements that are intended, respectively. The Calibrated Span is equal to the URV minus the LRV. The output at LRV greater than 0% represents the value of the suppression.

**Abbreviations**

The following acronyms are utilized in this directive.

LRV = Lower-range value (a measurement that’s output is 4 mA).

URV = Upper-range value (a measurement with a 20 mA output).

SG = A liquid’s specific gravity (relative density). Water has a specific gravity of 1.00 in both traditional and SI systems.

HW= Equivalent Headlevel pressure of Water

**Formulas for Converting Specific Gravity for All Liquids**

Specific gravity = Density [lb/ft3 ] / 62.4

Specific gravity = Density [kg/m3] / 1.00

**Interface level measurement Calculations with Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube**

SG1 = Specific gravity of upper liquid (lighter liquid)

SG2 = Specific gravity of lower Liquid (Heavier liquid)

H = Height of the bubble tube immersed inside the process liquid

H1 = Interface level need to be measured.(head between LRV and URV)

H2 = Head level below minimum interface level

Calibrated Range of the transmitter = LRV to URV

Where:

HW = Equivalent Head level pressure of Water

**Span value of the transmitter = (H1)*(SG2 – SG1)**

Equivalent Head level pressure of Water (HW) at Lower range value

**HW at LRV = (H1*SG1) + (H2*SG2) = Suppression**

Equivalent Head level pressure of Water (HW) at Upper range value

**HW at URV = (H1 +H2)*SG2**

**Example calculation – Interface level measurement Calculations With Constant Tank Level and single Bubble Tube**

The transmitter is mounted in an open tank with the following specifications to measure interface level.

Process liquid Specific gravity varies between 0.9 and 1.8

Height of the interface level measured between LRV and URV is

H1= 70 inches

Head level distance below minimum level(LRV) (suppression)

H2 = 10 inches

Find the calibration range of the transmitter to measure the interface level?

So, SG1 = 0.9

SG2= 1.8

**Span value calculation**

Span = **(H1)*(SG2 – SG1)**

Span = (70)*(1.8 – 0.9)

Span = (70)*(0.9)

**Span value of the transmitter = 63 inchH2O**

**LRV calculation (4mA)**

HW at **LRV =(H1*SG1) + (H2*SG2)**

HW at LRV = (70 * 0.9) + (10 * 1.8)

HW at LRV = 63 + 18

**Hw at LRV= 81 inch H2O** = Suppression

**URV calculation (20mA)**

HW at **URV = (H1 +H2)*SG2**

Hw at URV = (70 + 10) * (1.8)

Hw at URV =80 * (1.8)

**Hw at URV = 144 inch H2O **

**Calibration Range of the transmitter = 81 to 144 inch H2O**