How to calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications?

A displacer level transmitter comprises a displacer element that is hung from a hanger with a torque tube that is linked to the transmitter head. The hanger and the torque tube are both connected to the transmitter head.

The displacer element is designed and built to be heavier than the liquid in which it is being used. This ensures that the displacer element will continue to exert a downward force on the hanger even after it is completely submerged in the liquid.

calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications1

Calibration of the controller and transmitter may be done in the field, where it is installed on the vessel that contains the process fluid. It is also possible to carry out the procedure in the workshop; however, another method of achieving a change in displacement force must be given. The approach for modifying the calibration may be done either by using a wet or dry method. In most cases, the dry technique is carried out in the workshop using established reference weights.

Purpose and Scope:

This procedure provides calibration instructions for displacer type level transmitter/controller calibrated with standard reference weights in the workshop for single liquid application.

Tools required for Calibration:

  • Necessary hand tools.
  • Multimeter.
  • Hart communicator of handheld configurable communicator if it is a electronic smart transmitter.
  • Signal of 3 to 15 psi  measuring pressure gauge for monitoring the output if it is pneumatic level controller / transmitter
  • Soft Cloth for cleaning.

Calibration Setup

calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications 2

Safety 

  • For basic safety and general rules, as well as information on calibrating operations in process industries, please refer to the link provided below.

Basic Safety and General Consideration While Executing Calibration Process in process industries

  • Request that the panel operator set the controller to manual mode for the control loop and MOS for the ESD loop.
  • Connect the HART Communicator, and then check a few settings by consulting the data page. The tag number, PV, LRV, and URV are typical metrics.
calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications3
  • Keep the instrument apart from the operation.
  • Take the controller/transmitter and torque tube arm out of the cage or vessel as a single unit.
calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications4

Calibration procedure workbench

What is Dry calibration?

These calibration procedures require an input from a particular process variable to the sensor, simulating the process variable by suspending the appropriate weight from the end of the displacer rod. 

This will allow the sensor to be calibrated without the need for the specific process variable.

Before moving on to the method for calibrating, make sure that the Controller/Transmitter and Torque Tube Arm Disassembly and the Determining the Amount of Suspended Weight procedures have both been completed.

Disassembly of the controller/transmitter as well as the torque Tube Arm

  • Refer to the instruction manual for help removing the displacer from the displacer rod or the controller/transmitter and torque tube arm from the cage or vessel.
calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications5
  • Depending on the type of sensor, there are different ways to take off the displacer or torque tube arm and the controller or transmitter that is attached to it.
  • For a caged sensor with an equalizing connection at the top, it may be best to take the whole cage out of the vessel before taking it apart.
  • If the displacer needs to be taken off the displacer rod before the sensor assembly is taken out of the cage or vessel, there needs to be a way to hold the displacer so it doesn’t fall and break.
  • On every displacer, the spuds or stem end pieces include holes where rods or other supports may be inserted.
  • Some top-mounted sensors with long displacers can be taken off through an access hole in the head of the sensor.
  • For sensors with a travel stop, the stem end piece pins will hold the displacer on the travel stop as long as the travel stop plate is in place and the sensor head is in the right place.

Determining the Amount of Suspended Weight:

  • Data has been previously recorded into the instrument memory, HART communication may be used to read the displacer’s actual volume and weight.
  • Otherwise, the firm plate is marked with the displacer’s true weight, and the weight of the displacer may be determined by weighing it.
  • Solve the following equation to get the total weight that has to be suspended from the displacer rod in order to simulate a certain fluid level or specific gravity condition:
  • Actual volume and weight of the displacer can be read using HART communication (if data have been previously saved into the instrument memory). Otherwise the actual volume of the displacer is marked on the nameplate and displacer weight can be measured by weighing it. 
calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications6

Single Liquid application

calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications7

For Zero Calibration

  • To do a zero calibration, attach a set of weights equal to the actual displacer weight to the torque arm to simulate the low level.
  • Enter and verify the ZERO calibration by ensuring that the value shown on the display is equal to 0.0%. If not, repeat the process again until the value is very close to this one.

Zero calibration weight (LRV) = Actual weight of the displacer.

For Span Calibration

  • Attach a set of weights to the torque arm that equals the apparent weight of the displacer when it is fully submerged in the calibration fluid with Specific Gravity of Calibration. 
  • The apparent weight (URV) is calculated as below.

Loss in weight (URV) = Weight of displacer – Weight of the displacer immersed in liquid

Displacer weight loss by liquid = Displacer Actual Volume X SG of the liquid

Displacer Actual Volume V=πr2h

r = radius of the displacer.

h = height of displacer.

Displacer Apparent Weight for span calibration = Displacer Actual Weight – (Displacer Actual Volume X SG of the liquid)

Span calibration weight (URV) = Actual weight of the displacer- Weight loss by liquid

  • To do a span calibration, attach a set of weights equal to the calculated apparent weight of the displacer to the torque arm to simulate the high level.
  • Enter and verify the SPAN calibration by ensuring that the value shown on the display is equal to 100%. If not, repeat the process again until the value is very close to this one.

Formula for calibration for Single Liquid application

Zero calibration weight = Actual weight of the displacer
Displacer weight loss by liquid = Displacer Actual Volume X SG of the liquid Displacer Actual Volume V=πr2hr = radius of the displacer.h = height of displacer.
Span calibration weight = Actual weight of the displacer- displacer weight loss by liquid

Example- Calibration

Weight Calculation with Single Liquid (water) Application

calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications8

Displacer and Process Liquid Data:

  • W= Displacer weight in 2500 Gram
  • Displacer diameter is 7.820 Centimeter 
  • Length of Displacer is 36.56 centimeter 
  • Process liquid is Water
  • Specific gravity of process liquid. (Water)= 1.0

V = Volume of displacer.

So, radius of the displacer r = 7.82/2 = 3.91centimeters

Displacer Actual Volume V=πr2h

Volume V = 3.14 × r² × h 

      = 3.14 × 3.91 × 3.91 × 36.56 = 1,755.049

For Zero Calibration: 

  •  For zero percentage calibration attach a displacer or 2500 gram weight on the torque tube arm rod. 
  • Adjust Zero with the output signal to 4 mA / 3psi(for pneumatic level troll) . 

For Span Calibration: 

  • For 100  percentage calibration attach the  weight = Displacer weight – {Volume X Specific gravity of the liquid(water)}

= 2500 – 1755.05 X 1

= 2500 – 1755.05

=744.95 g

  • Adjust Span with output signal of 20mA /15psi(for pneumatic level troll).
Level (%) Attached weight (gram) Transmitter o/p (mA)Transmitter o/p (psi)
2500 43
25 206186
50 1623129
75 11841612
100 7452015

For linearity check each 25% step increase weight by 438.8 grams

= 1755/4

=438.8g

  • Check the transmitter’s repeatability by calibrating it twice or three times.

Recording calibration

  • Apply input corresponding to 0 %, 25 %, 50 %, 75 % and 100 % according to the range of Instrument in the upscale and downscale direction from the test standards.
  • If the result of the output value is not within an acceptable limit, then calibration must be performed. All the output values are within acceptable limits (+/- %), then further calibration is not required.
  • Record the resultant output values in the as found/ as left  column of blank calibration report.
  • Place calibration label on instrument once the calibration was satisfactorily done

Sample calibration report

The image that follows demonstrates that the electronic levetroll’s sample report of calibration was performed using standard test weights as the reference.

calibrate the displacer type level transmitter with weight in single liquid applications9

About The Author

Scroll to Top