# Electronic circuits

## Simplifier Formulas for Series and Parallel Circuits Resistance Calculations

Combining resistors Series Resistance  When two resistors are connected in series, the current is first limited or restricted by the first resistor and then further limited or restricted by the second resistor, increasing the effect of the series connection.  Equivalent Series Resistance The total resistor value in a series circuit connection is equal to R, …

## Transistor Mode of Operation

Transistor Cut-off, Saturation, Active Region Transistor  Transistor is a three-layer semiconductor device. It is consisting of either 2 N type & one P type layers of semiconductor materials or two P Type & one N type layers of semiconductor materials. This is called a NPN transistor and a PNP transistor, respectively.          Transistor is also …

## Latches In Digital Electronics

What is meant by Latches in digital electronics?          Latches is defined as a logical circuit that is used for storing single binary digit. Latch stores data using a feedback loop that helps memory elements to store binary information. The feedback loops are created in circuit diagrams so that output values depend on themselves indirectly. …

## Flip-Flop & Types of Flip-Flops

What is the definition of Flip-Flop?  Flip-flop is a digital circuit that stores a binary bit.  In flip-flop the clock signal controls the state of device.  It is also called as memory element or a binary storage device. These circuits have two stable states HIGH & LOW. The circuits remain in one state till the …

## What is Conductivity Meter?

What is Conductivity Meter? Measurements of electrical current or conductance in a solution are measured using a conductivity meter. When measuring the general condition of a natural water body, conductivity is important. In water treatment plants, it is also a way to track changes to the way wastewater is processed. What is the SI unit of …

## How does the Avalanche Diode works?

What is an Avalanche diode? A reverse breakdown region-operating diode is referred to as an avalanche diode. The fundamental purpose of these diodes is to break precisely at a reverse voltage without being damaged. Once these diodes are linked in series, they can be used in high voltage, inductive, protective circuits. An avalanche diode will …

## What is the Difference Between AC and DC Capacitor?

What is a Capacitor? A Capacitor is a type of electronic device that consists of two electrically conducting plates that are spaced apart by an insulator. Based on the capacitor’s capacity to store and discharge current, it is utilised in electrical applications and circuits that use both direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) to …

## Various circuits involved in Electronics and their components

An electronic circuit is comprised of various electronic components, like resistors, capacitors, inductors, transistors, and diodes, connected by conductive wires and through the path an electric current can flow. What is Open Circuit? An open circuit is such an electric circuit that does not allow the electric current to pass through it. You may call …

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